Top 11 Careers options in Paramedical

Becoming a medical doctor is not the only option if you missed NEET or willingly want to stay in the healthcare industry. Paramedical careers can be an ideal option for those that would like a reputed, stable, and well-paying career that also improves and impacts the lives of the patients directly or indirectly. You will know the Top 11 career options in Paramedical in this article.

So, what is Paramedical Science?

Paramedical Science that deals with Prehospital emergency services and the person working in this field is called paramedics.

Paramedical Health Professions are a distinct group of health professionals who apply their expertise to prevent disease transmission, diagnose, treat and rehabilitate people of all ages and all specialties. Together with a range of technical and support staff, they may deliver direct patient care, rehabilitation treatment, diagnostics, and health improvement interventions to restore and maintain optimal, physical, sensory, psychological, cognitive, and social functions.

A paramedic is a professional who assists the doctor in specialized fields. These courses supplement and support a doctor to complete their medical work.

There are various degree and diploma courses available for becoming a skilled paramedic. :

  1. Paramedical diploma courses – can be pursued after 10th.
  2. Paramedical certificate course – can be pursued after 10th or 12th
  3. Paramedical degree course – can be pursued after 12th with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as main subjects with minimum 50%

Paramedical Diploma courses after 10th

The diploma is useful for students who are not willing to pursue UG programs and earn early in life in the healthcare industry.

  • Diploma in Operation theater technology – 2 years
  • Diploma in X-Ray technology – 2 years
  • Diploma in Audiometry – 2 years
  • Diploma in Optometry technician – 1 year
  • Diploma in Audiology & Speech technology – 1 year
  • Diploma in EGG technology – 2 years
  • Diploma in Sanitary Inspector – 1 year
  • Diploma in Dialysis techniques – 2 years
  • Diploma in Medical record technology – 2 years
  • Anesthesia assistant – 1 year
  • Diploma in Dental therapist – 2 years
  • Diploma in Dental nursing – 2 years
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy – 2 years
  • Diploma in Pathology – 2 years
  • Diploma in Radiography – 2 years
  • Diploma in Nursing assistant – 6 months

Duration of completion of the courses will depend upon college to college.

Paramedical certificate courses

Certificate courses in:

  • X-Ray technician
  • EGG
  • Physiotherapy
  • Dialysis
  • Cath lab
  • Blood bank
  • Operation theater assistant
  • MRI Technician
  • Dental assistant
  • Ophthalmic assistant

Usually 1-year duration.

Candidates have a lower inclination towards certificate courses due to low job security and after completing these courses, candidates get a technician or assistant level job. Candidates can do certificate courses and get a job after the 10th but if you do diploma or degree level courses that would be a better option.

Degree courses – can pursue after 12th with PCB

1.Bachelor in Physiotherapy BPT

As a Physiotherapist, you will be required to look after the muscular and physical health of individuals.


In this course, candidates learn to treat locomotion problems and muscular issues caused by aging, diseases, injuries, and disorders. Students study anatomy with the science of physical movement, exercises, etc.

Six months internship is mandatory.

Duration – 4 years

Admission criteria are different for different colleges and universities. Some of the entrance examinations are CET, JIPMER, All India entrance test Guru Govind Indraprastha University, etc. Many institutes also provide direct admission based on 12th marks.

Scope: Physiotherapists are highly required in various sectors such as defense, sports, hospitals, fitness institutes, rehabilitation centers, and many more.


  • CMC, Vellore
  • Sri Ramchandra Institute, Chennai
  • Jamia University, Delhi
  • Kasturba Medical College, Chennai
  • LNCT, Indore
  • CMC, Ludhiana
  • Dr. D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
  • SRM, Chennai
  • Saveetha Medical College, Chennai
  • Annamalai University, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu


2. B. Sc. Nursing

Nursing is always considered a noble profession.

Nursing Career
Nursing Career

It is a 4 years undergraduate course that prepares a candidate to serve humanity through medical treatment. Nurses are highly required in various healthcare sectors. It is a good career choice for anybody interested in the healthcare industry and serving humanity.

Duration – 4 years(Basic);     2 years(Post Basic)

Eligibility – 10+2   PCB with 50%

Age limit – 17-21 years

Admission through entrance exams in some colleges and directly based on 12th marks in some colleges. Some colleges like JIMPER, IMS, BHU, consider NEET scores for admission. Some entrance exams are AIIMS, NEET, PGIMER, KGMU, Indian Army Nursing Admissions, CMC Ludhiana, etc.


  • JIMPER, Puducherry
  • Rajasthan University of Health and Sciences, Jaipur
  • AIIMS, New Delhi
  • CMC, Ludhiana
  • Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi
  • BHU, Varanasi
  • King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
  • RLE University, Belgaum
  • PGIMER, Chandigarh
  • Bharti Vidyapeeth, Pune


3. B.Sc. in Operation Theatre  Technology


It is a 4-year degree course. Operation theatre technologists are needed today in big numbers. Without them, Doctors and Surgeons could not imagine carrying on the operations in the operation theatre.

These technologists assist doctors in the operation theatre, they are responsible for maintaining the OT rooms and surgical pieces of equipment before surgery.

Duration – 3 years and a 1-year internship

Eligibility – 10+2   PCB with 50%

Admission criteria – entrance or merit-based


  • AIIMS, Delhi (entrance)
  • CMC, Vellore (entrance)
  • PGIMER, Chandigarh
  • GMC, Amritsar
  • NIMS, Jaipur
  • Bangalore Medical College
  • Maharashtra University, Nashik
  • JIPMER, Puducherry


4. B. Sc. in Optometry

This course deals with age care, visual defects, and abnormalities. Optometry is a health care profession that involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects as well as prescribing the correction of refractive error and treatment of eye diseases.


Duration – 3 years

Eligibility – 12th    50%  PCM/PCB

Admission through entrance exams in good colleges, merit-based in some.

Popular entrance exams:

  • DUET
  • CMC

Scope – There is a wide scope often doing B.Sc. Optometry. Candidate can work in Pvt. as well as government hospitals, eye clinics, research centers as Vision Consultant, Ophthalmic Assistant, Optician, etc.


  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • NIMS, Jaipur
  • SRM, Chennai
  • Sharda University, Noida
  • Ansal University, Gurgaon
  • Galgotias University, Noida
  • MAKAUT, Kolkata
  • Amity University, Gurgaon
  • Chandigarh University


5. B. Sc. in Medical Lab Technology


This course includes the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases using clinical laboratory tests. It includes analysis of body fluid, tissue, and blood, chemical analysis, cell count, bacteriology, hematology, etc. Students learn various testing methods in blood tests, blood typing, urine analysis, etc.

Duration – 3 years

Eligibility – 10+2 with PCMB

Admission through entrance exams or merit-based in some colleges.

Scope – Job opportunities in Public & Private hospitals, blood banks, medical laboratories, Pathology, etc.


  • CMC, Vellore
  • JIPMER, Puducherry
  • Manipal Academy, Karnataka
  • Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprasth University, New Delhi
  • SRM, Chennai
  • Saveetha Medical College, Chennai
  • SVIMS, Tirupati
  • D Y Patil University, Navi Mumbai


6. B.Sc. in Audiology and Speech- Language Pathology (BASLP)


This program is related to hearing and speech as the name suggests. In this program, students learn techniques and methods to diagnose and cure hearing, speech, and balance-related disorders in patients. This includes various disorders related to speaking and listening.

Duration – 4 years

Eligibility – 10+2  science  PCMB  50%

Admission – Merit/entrance

Scope – In Healthcare institutions, Government agencies, hospitals, Nursing homes, NGOs, rehabilitation centers as Audiologist, Speech Pathologist, Speech Therapist, ENT Audiometric Technician, etc.

Some entrance:

  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Manipal Colleges
  • CMC, Vellore
  • AFMC, Pune
  • JIPMER, Puducherry

There are plenty of institutes that offer merit-based admissions.

  • National Institute of Speech and Hearing, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Bharti Vidyapeeth University, Pune
  • Aayush University
  • PGIMER, Chandigarh


7. B.Sc. in Radiography


We often see huge X-ray machines, CT scans, MRI machines in a diagnostic center. It would be difficult for doctors to treat the diseases of internal organs without X-rays, CT scans.

Radiography plays an important role to find out any abnormalities in the internal part of our body. In this course, students learn radiation techniques like X-ray, CT scan to diagnose the underlying issues of patients.

Healthcare needs radiologists the most as a diagnosis is a basic step for the treatment process.

Duration – 3 years

Eligibility – 10+2  science  50%

Admission – entrance / direct merit basis


  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
  • NIMS, Hyderabad
  • Tata Memorial Center, Mumbai
  • GITAM University, Vishakhapatnam
  • NITTE University, Mangalore
  • Sharda University, Noida
  • JSS Medical College, Mysore
  • Manipal University
  • National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore


8. B.Sc. in Perfusion Technology


Perfusion Technology is the study of physiology and the pathology of the lungs and the lungs and the allied respiratory organs of the human body.

This course also includes the study of types of equipment that are used to support the function of lungs and heart during surgical procedures.

Perfusionist also plays a major role during organ transplantation and offers life support in ICUs for terminally ill clients.

Duration – 3 years + Internship

Eligibility – 55% in 10+2 with PCB

Admission – entrance / direct merit basis

Scope – In super-specialty hospitals ICU, NICU, Private, Government hospitals, teaching and training professional, emergency medical care, sales, and marketing of perfusion products as Cardiac Perfusionist, Pediatric Perfusionist, Lecturer and Perfusion Educator, ECMO Technician, etc.


  • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education Research, Chandigarh
  • MUHS, Nasik
  • Manipal College of Health, Manipal
  • Amrita Center for Allied Health Sciences, Kochi
  • St. John’s National Academy, Bangalore
  • Armed Forces Medical College, Pune


9. B.Sc. in Nuclear Medicine

In this course, students study imaging of internal organs of the human body using radioactive isotopes.

Earlier, it was very difficult to the soft tissues, muscles, blood vessels, and other internal organs using x-ray. But Nuclear Medicine changed everything.

In this process, a small amount of radioactive substance is induced in the person’s body by injection tablet or gas through the nose. This radioactive substance is absorbed by body tissues and gives radiation and is detected by radiation detectors.

Duration – 3 years

Eligibility – 10+2 with PCM or PCB with a minimum 50% in                             


Admission – entrance exams / direct

Scope – In super-specialty hospitals, labs, Radiopharmaceutical Company as Nuclear Medicine Technologist, Research associate professor, Radiologist, etc.


  • MUHS, Nasik
  • IIT Kharagpur
  • Manipal
  • AIIMS, Delhi
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Apollo Institute, Chennai


10. B.Sc. in Dialysis Technology

Dialysis is the process of removing excess water, solutes, and toxins from the blood in people whose kidneys can no longer perform these functions naturally.

In this course, students are trained to use various machines for dialysis to help in the treatment of patients, the function of the kidney, the principle of dialysis, etc.

Duration – 3 years

Eligibility – 10+2 with minimum 50% PCM or PCB

Admissions – entrance exam or merit-based

Scope – In government and private hospitals, healthcare, research centers, dialysis educational institutes as Dialysis Therapist, Dialysis Technician, Medical Laboratory Assistant, etc.


  • Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Glanis Institute of Medical Health Sciences, Madurai
  • Ansal University
  • Impact Paramedical and Health Institute, New Delhi


11. B.Sc. in Cardiac Care Technology


This course includes the study of cardio-vascular systems, heart problems, and invasive procedures.

Cardiac Technologists help physicians in the treatment and diagnosis of heart disorders. They assist heart specialists during surgeries in operation theatres, prepare the patients for operations, monitor patients during and after surgery, maintain and handle instruments used for monitoring heartbeats.

Duration – 3-4 years

Eligibility – 10+2 minimum 50% with PCB

Admission – entrance exam/merit-based

Scope – In government or private hospitals, rehabilitation centers, multi-specialty clinics, healthcare centers, academic institutes as Cardiovascular technologists, Cardiac Care Technologist, Cardiac Care technicians, Echocardiographer, Medical Sonographer, etc.


  • JSS Medical College, Mysore
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Geetanjali University, Udaipur
  • Rajiv Gandhi Paramedical Institute, Delhi
  • JIPMER, Puducherry

So, these are the TOP 11 Career options if you are interested in going into the medical field directly and serving humanity. So what, if you missed NEET. So what if you are not interested in MBBS. These options can help you fulfill your dreams and dreams of many humans get rid of illness and lead a healthy life.




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